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Category: Theories of Humor (page 5 of 20)

Comedy and Culture: England 1820-1900 (Princeton Legacy

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In the seventeenth century Blaise Pascal, a French scientist and philosoph… In 1790 the German philosopher Immanuel Kant in The Critique of Judgment focused on the requirement of surprise when he claimed that laughter is an emotion that arises from a strained expectation suddenly reduced to nothing. Little research has been conducted on possible indirect effects, such as potential health benefits of enhanced interpersonal relation- ships and more effective coping with stress resulting from a healthy sense of humor.

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COMMON SENSE...A Training Guide?

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Humor—subversive, ironic, usually dark—is one of the very few weapons available to the oppressed. Whereas all participants performed well on the test and had low anxiety scores in the low-threat condition, greater coping humor was related to better test performance and lower anxiety in the high-threat condition. This time, the perpetrators were the Free Masons. The distinction between "Religiousness A" and "Religiousness B" is another expression of the distinction between recollection and repetition, or between eros and agape, or between immanence and transcendence.

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Continental Monthly, Vol. I. February, 1862, No. II.Devoted

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Our second order beliefs determine which subjects (i.e., patterns of belief) are (or are not) candidates for humor (i.e., patterns between which we can flicker). The most offensive thing that ever occurred in The New Yorker would like the mildest thing at a Chris Rock concert. In some of the modified jokes, the incon- gruity was removed, and in others the incongruity remained but the resolution was removed. Target (TA) identifies the actor(s) who become the “butt” of the joke.

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Is Shakespeare Dead?

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Second, irony is used to convey humor, based on the incongruity between the literal and implied meanings, and is therefore meant to be funny (Dews et al., 1995). Jokes are the 1st type; they play a pleasant trick on your mind. Rand Paul. "If everyone is thinking alike, then somebody isn't thinking." - George S. As predicted, significantly more antiphonal laughter (controlling for overall laughter rates) occurred in friend dyads than in stranger dyads.

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The Joke and Its Relation to the Unconscious (Penguin

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If we try to eliminate aggression from humor, according to Gruner, we will eliminate humor altogether. As it turns out, one strength of our analysis is its ability to explain why this is so. They need an incentive, and cheap housing was it. Lawyers deal with it — drafting and reviewing contracts. Tragedy deals with subjects who are average or better than average; however, in comedy we look down upon the characters, since it presents subjects of lesser virtue than, or "who are inferior to," the audience.

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Best Australian Political Cartoons 2007 (Best Australian

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It is the understanding and acceptations of the situations as ‘humorous’ that shows are successful, and not to be taken seriously. As you’re probably aware, humor has two primary aspects, a cognitive one and an affective one. As such, humor can be used to convey many different types of messages and to achieve many different goals. Organized around the four elements of earth, water, air, and fire; the four qualities of cold, hot, moist, and dry; and the four humors, these physical qualities determined the behavior of all created things including the human body. above, left to right: Images from Deutsche Kalendar, 1498.

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On the Way to Death: Essays Toward A Comic Vision (Studies

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As one example, Fried and colleagues (1998) described a 16-year-old female patient who consistently began to laugh whenever her brain was stimulated in a small region of the supplementary motor area located on the left frontal lobe of the cortex. However, a recent study proves that the earth's atmosphere was oxidizing at least 500 million years before the origin of life. Christiaan Kappes's " The Four Temperaments " (PDF). 2 Humorism greatly affected medieval cuisine as cooks endeavored to prepare foods in proper balance, for example, cold, moist fish would be served with hot, dry spices or prepared with wine, which was also considered hot and dry; game was considered to be dry, so was prepared in moist fats; vinegar was considered cold and dry, so was tempered with honey, which was considered hot and moist, etc.

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Rain in the Doorway

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In addition, this positive emotion may have a physiological benefit of speed- ing recovery from the cardiovascular effects of any negative stress-related emotions that may have been evoked (Fredrickson and Levenson, 1998). Nevertheless, laughter as such is not necessarily a condition for humor, and with this in mind, Attardo (1994:13) considers Kerbrat-Orecchioni's (1981) pragmatic definition of humor as a text whose perlocutionary, e.g. intended, effect is laughter, to be a more fruitful approach.

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Humoring Resistance: Laughter and the Excessive Body in

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He provides us with an interesting example: We know a case in which a violinist always tried to play as consciously as possible. In doing so, an agent can trump an adversary by demonstrating a ‘‘hyper-understanding’’ of the lexico-conceptual meaning of an opponent’s utterance. You can also buy a reasonably-priced collection of funny travel essays from my honeymoon. The belief systems of educators impact their emotional contribution to the level of happiness found in a school culture.

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Punch, or the London Charivari, Volume 156, February 5, 1919

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His friend replied, "I'm going to build a dark room". State Department deliberately provoked Congressman Leo Ryan into going to Jonestown in order to hide the true nature of the upcoming military operation. For example, some have suggested that play helps individuals learn competitive and noncompetitive social skills, such as behaviors that facilitate social bonding and cooperation or those that promote social rank, leadership, and communication. In a second experiment, Vaid and her colleagues (2003) used the same method- ology to examine the activation of the two schemas more than four seconds after a joke was presented, giving the participants ample time to process the joke meaning.

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